Eugene Burnam

Lynched on December 30, 1923

Soil Collection on January 3, 2021

On Sunday, December 30, 1923, Eugene Burnam was lynched by four white men who suspected him of informing police about their moonshine still. He was brutally beaten and shot in broad daylight, and those responsible were quickly identified, but never brought to trial. One of the men later became a Jacksonville police officer.

Burnam died near Dinsmore in Northwest Jacksonville, shot repeatedly and his head smashed in by something, the Associated Press reported on Dec. 30, 1923.

A justice of the peace, J.S. Geiger, said then that he got a phone tip that day that white men were about to lynch a Black man around Grand Crossing, the thicket of rail lines that meet west of New Kings Road.

Geiger said he was organizing a posse to stop them when another call, maybe 10 minutes later, said the lynching had just happened in Dinsmore, about three miles from the crossing, the AP reported. (The AP gave the victim's name as Burman. A Black news service, the Associated Negro Press, spelled it Burnham.)

January 1924 opened with the Times-Union telling readers, without specifics, that Burnam and another man lynched on the Westside in December were bootleggers who died because of their work.

A white man later confessed to being part of the killing and named three accomplices, but two left town before being arrested and no one stood trial with the others at large.

News coverage from 1926 (“Florida will try lynchers,” an Associated Negro Press story was headlined) said the fourth man had been arrested in San Francisco and he and the others — who had been free on bail — could stand trial after was brought back to Jacksonville. But what happened after that is unclear, and there were indications that one of the accused men still lived in Jacksonville years after that.

As published in the Florida Times Union on December 31, 2020


Opening Remarks - Charles Griggs, Master of Ceremonies

Lift Every Voice and Sing - Cyriac Adjevi

Opening Prayer - Pastor Phillip Baber

Welcome - Dr. Kimberly Allen

Purpose - Lynn Sherman and Melanie Patz

Remarks and Prayer - Bishop Leofric W. Thomas, Jr.

Video - Equal Justice Initiative

Narrative: The Lynching of Eugene Burnam - Paul Bourcier

Spoken Word - Love Reigns

About the Equal Justice Initiative - Kiara Boone

Racial Reconciliation - Matt Hartley

A Message to the Community - Bryant Rollins

The Soil Collection and Drum Accompaniment - Adrian Rhodes, Drummer

We Shall Overcome - Jeremy McKinnies

Closing Prayer

Closing Remarks - Charles Griggs

The soil collected at the site of the crime will fill two jars: One to be sent to EJI’s National Memorial for Peace and Justice, and one to be retained locally. 

Watch the Recorded Ceremony

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